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Desert Tortoise Exclusion Fence – Welded Wire Fence & Studded T Post

Desert tortoise exclusion fence, as a barrier for wildlife protection, prevents endangered turtle species from entering highways and construction sites. Its design features four strands of livestock wires on the top and welded wire fence on the bottom, securely fixed by studded T post.

This fence is manufactured according to ASTM A1064 standard and has a level 1 zinc coating that meets ASTM A641 requirements, ensuring rust resistance. It complies with DOT requirements and provides an effective solution for construction sites. Depending on your location, a turtle exclusion fence may be required.


The installation process of the desert tortoise exclusion fence involves careful consideration of soil composition and topography. Based on soil characteristics, two main methods are used: subsurface installation and surface installation. Each method is customized to ensure the stability and effectiveness of the fence, keeping the desert tortoise out of sensitive areas. Below, we will introduce two installation methods for different soil types.

Materials used for installation: 1" x 2" welded wire fence, studded T post, smooth or barbed livestock wire, hog rings (for securing fences and wires), and galvanized T-post clip.

Subsurface Installation

The subsurface installation involves burying the bottom of the welded wire fence below the ground. This method is suitable for areas with softer soil composition. By burying the fence underground, it can enhance stability and prevent desert tortoises and other animals from digging under the fence. This installation ensures that the fence is securely fixed in the proper position, providing effective exclusion for the protected area.

Subsurface installation overall installation effect, you can see the underground part.

Subsurface installation

Subsurface installation side installation effect.

Subsurface installation side view

Fixing the fence and wire with hog rings.

Fixed detail


  • The height of the welded wire fence above the ground should not be less than 18" and not greater than 24".
  • The depth of the welded wire fence below the ground should be controlled between 12" and 6".
  • When the span between studded T posts exceeds 10", install additional posts.
  • Connect the welded wire fence to the wire mesh with hog rings at 12" intervals.
  • Secure the mesh and wire to the studded T post with galvanized T-post clips, positioned at the top, center, and bottom of the welded wire fence.

Surface Installation

This installation method is used in environments where the soil consists of bedrock or calcium-based substrates, making it impossible to bury the fence underground. In this method, the excess part of the welded wire fence is bent and adhered to the ground. To further secure the fence, place gravel or pebbles on the bent portion to ensure it stays in place. This installation method effectively excludes desert tortoises while accommodating the unique soil conditions of the area.

Overall effect of surface installation

Surface installation

Side view of surface installation

Surface installation side view


  • Ensure that the height of the welded wire fence from the ground is not less than 22"
  • There should be a gap of 0" – 2" from the ground at the bending point of the welded wire fence
  • Ensure that the bent part of the welded wire fence is laid flat on the ground, pointing towards the desert turtle habitat.
  • Cover the bent part with pebbles, and the thickness of the pebble cover material can reach 4"


A desert tortoise on the other side of the welded wire fence

For isolating desert tortoises

Land with desert tortoise exclusion fence

For deserts